Multilingual dictionary of abbreviations

  • Suggest an abbreviation
  • Add this article to your bookmarks
  • Print this article
  • Search for an abbreviation
  • DiggGoogle
  • Home page → By topics → Geography, biography, history

    Geography, biography, history

    → Geography, biography, history
    Go to page 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
    Code

    Meaning

    Language

    Themes and places

    AAARGH

    Association des Anciens Amateurs de Récits de Guerres et d'Holocaustes

    In French

    AACA

    Australian Association of Consulting Archaeologists (www.aacai.com.au)

    In English

    AAH

    Association of Ancient Historians

    In English

    AAHC

    American Association for History and Computing (www.theaahc.org)

    In English

    AAHM

    American Association for the History of Medicine

    In English

    AAHN

    American Association for the History of Nursing

    In English

    AARHMS

    American Academy of Research Historians of Medieval Spain

    In English

    AASLH

    American Association for State and Local History (www.aaslh.org)

    In English

    AATSEEL

    American Association of Teachers of Slavic and Eastern European Languages (https://www.aatseel.org/)

    In English

    AAV

    Asociación Argentina de Vexilología

    In Spanish

    ABD
    Amerika Birleşik Devletleri

    = USA | United States of America | In English
    = FS | Feriene Steaten | In Frisian
    = США | Соединённые Штаты Америки | In Russian

    In Turkish

    ABH

    Association for the Bibliography of History

    In English

    ACEA

    Association Canadienne des Études Asiatiques

    In French

    ACHA

    American Catholic Historical Association

    In English

    AcHA

    Acta Historica Astronomiae

    In Latin

    ACIS

    American Conference for Irish Studies

    In English

    ACP

    Afrique, Caraïbes et Pacifique

    In French

    ACV

    Associació Catalana de Vexillologia

    In Spanish

    ACV

    Association Canadienne de Vexillologie

    In French

    AD

    Archives Départementales

    In French

    ADCV

    Association des Descendants de Chouans et de Vendéens

    In French

    ADHS

    Alcohol and Drugs History Society

    In English

    ADLFI

    Archéologie de la France - Informations (https://journals.openedition.org/adlfi/)

    In French

    ADNFE

    Association de Défense de la Noblesse Française et Étrangère

    In French

    AEA

    Anuario de Estudios Americanos

    In Spanish

    AED
    Alemaniar Errepublika Demokratikoa

    = GDR | Germana Demokratia Respubliko | In Esperanto
    = RDA | Republik Demokratel Alamagn | In Breton
    = RDA | República Democrática Alemana | In Spanish
    = RDA | République Démocratique Allemande | In French
    = DDR | Deutsche Demokratische Republik | In German
    = DDR | Duitse Demokratiese Republiek | In Afrikaans
    = NDR | Njemačka Demokratska Republika | In Bosnian
    = RDA | República Democràtica Alemanya | In Catalan
    = NDR | Německá demokratická republika | In Czech
    = ГДР | Германи Демократиллĕ Республики | In Chuvash
    = ΛΔΓ | Λαϊκή Δημοκρατία της Γερμανίας | In Greek
    = GDR | German Democratic Republic | In English
    = NDK | Német Demokratikus Köztársaság | In Hungarian
    = RDT | Repubblica Democratica Tedesca | In Italian
    = DDR | Duitse Democratische Republiek | In Dutch
    = RDG | Republica Democrată Germană | In Romanian
    = DAC | Demokratik Alman Cumhuriyeti | In Turkish

    In Basque

    AEF

    Afrique Équatoriale Française

    In French

    AERI

    Association Expositions de Résistance Intérieure

    In French

    AERI

    Association pour des Études sur la Résistance Intérieure (www.aeri-resistance.com)

    In French

    AFAN

    Association pour les Fouilles Archéologiques Nationales

    In French

    AFEIV

    Association Française d'Études Internationale de Vexillologie

    In French

    AFEIV

    Association Française d'Êtudes Internationales de Vexillologie

    In French

    AFHF

    Air Force Historical Foundation

    In English

    AfZ

    Archiv für Zeitgeschichte

    In German

    AGPh

    Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie

    In German

    AGRR

    Association Généalogique de Relevés et de Recherches

    In French

    AH

    Art History

    In English

    AHA

    American Historical Association

    In English

    AHDE

    Anuario de Historia del Derecho Español

    In Spanish

    AHES

    Archive for History of Exact Sciences

    In English

    AHICF

    Association pour l'Histoire des Chemins de Fer en France

    In French

    AHR

    American Historical Review

    In English

    AHS

    Agricultural History Society

    In English

    AHTI

    Association pour l'Histoire des Technologies de l'Information

    In French

    AIA

    Association for Industrial Archaeology (www.industrial-archaeology.org.uk)

    In English

    AIAr

    Associazione Italiana di Archeometria

    In Italian

    AIEO

    Annales de l'Institut d'Études orientales

    In French

    AIEP
    Association Internationale des Études Patristiques

    = IAPS | International Association of Patristics Studies | In English

    In French

    AIGeo

    Associazione Italiana di Geografia fisica e Geomorfologia

    In Italian

    AIHA

    American Italian Historical Association

    In English

    AII

    Afro-Asiatisches Institut

    In German

    AJA

    American Journal of Archaeology (www.ajaonline.org)

    In English

    AJC

    Ancient Jewish Coinage

    In English

    AJHA

    American Journalism Historians' Association

    In English

    AJHS

    American Jewish Historical Society (https://www.ajhs.org/)

    In English

    AJMO

    Association Française des Journalistes Spécialisés sur le Moyen-Orient et le Maghreb

    In French

    AJP

    Association des Journalistes du Patrimoine

    In French

    ALPAGE

    AnaLyse diachronique de l'espace urbain PArisien : approche GÉomatique

    In French

    AMGOT

    Allied Military Government for Occupied Territories

    In English

    AmHR

    American Historical Review

    In English

    AMVCC

    Association de Mise en Valeur du Château de Coucy

    In French

    AN

    Archives Nationales

    In French

    ANA

    Agence Nationale d'Archéologie

    In French

    ANACR

    Association des Anciens Combattants de la Résistance (www.anacr.com)

    In English

    ANET

    Ancient Near Eastern Texts

    In English

    ANRW

    Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt

    In German

    AO

    Acta Orientalia

    In Latin

    AO

    Aula Orientalis

    In Latin

    AOF

    Afrique Occidentale Française

    In French

    APAHS

    Association for the Publication of African Historical Sources

    In English

    APHA

    American Printing History Association

    In English

    ARAR

    Archéologie et Archéométrie

    In French

    ARC

    Association des Résistants des Côtes du Nord

    In French

    Archa

    Archaeometry

    In English

    ArchS

    Archaeoastronomy Supplement

    In English

    ARDHJB

    Association Royale des Demeures Historiques et Jardins de Belgique

    In French

    ARF

    Association de Recherches sur le Ferriérois

    In French

    ARLIMA

    Archives de Littérature du Moyen Âge

    In French

    ARTeHiS

    Archéologie, Terre, Histoire, Sociétés

    In French

    ASA

    American Studies Association (www.theasa.net)

    In English

    ASA

    African Studies Association

    In English

    ASAE

    Annales du Service des Antiquités d’Égypte

    In French

    ASAL

    Associazione Studi America Latina

    In Italian

    ASALH

    Association for the Study of African-American Life and History

    In English

    ASBDR

    Association pour la Sauvegarde de la Bastide de Domme et de ses Remparts

    In French

    ASC

    African Studies Centre

    In English

    ASCH

    American Society of Church History

    In English

    ASDAH

    Association of Seventh-Day Adventist Historians

    In English

    ASECS

    American Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies

    In English

    ASEH

    American Society for Environmental History

    In English

    ASL

    Above Sea Level

    In English

    ASLH

    American Society for Legal History

    In English

    ASM
    African Study Monographs

    The African Studies Monographs (ASM) is peer-reviewed open access academic journal that covers African studies, thus promoting research and scholarship on the African perspective. This includes matters of philosophy, history, literature, arts and culture, environment, gender, politics, administration crisis management, etc.

    In English

    ASN

    Association for the Study of Nationalities (www.nationalities.org)

    In English

    ASR

    Ancient Synagogues Revealed

    In English

    ATHIS

    Atelier International Histoire et Informatique

    In French

    Afrika und Übersee

    In German

    AUF

    Assyriska Ungdomsförbundet (https://www.assyriskaungdomsforbundet.se/)

    In Swedish

    AVAP

    Aire de mise en Valeur de l’Architecture et du Patrimoine

    In French

    B

    België

    In Dutch

    BA

    (The) Biblical Archaeologist

    In English

    BAEDE

    Boletín de la Asociación Española de Egiptología

    In Spanish

    BAR

    Biblical Archaeology Review

    In English

    BAR-IS

    British Archaeological Reports

    In English

    BASOR

    Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research in Jerusalem and Bagdad

    In English

    BASOR

    Bulletin of the American School of Oriental Research

    In English

    BB

    Brigitte Bardot

    In many languages

    BCH

    Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique

    In French

    BCRA

    Bureau Central de Renseignements et d'Action

    In French

    BDA

    Burgee Data Archives

    In English

    BEFEO

    Bulletin de l'École Française d'Extrême-Orient

    In French

    BEI

    Bulletin d'Études Indiennes

    In French

    BEO

    Bulletin d'Études Orientales

    In French

    BHM

    Bulletin for the History of Medicine

    In English

    BIE

    Bulletin de l’Institut d’Égypte

    In French

    BIFAN

    Bulletin de l’Institut Français d’Afrique Noire

    In French

    BIFAO

    Bulletin de l'Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale

    In French

    BJECS

    British Journal of Eighteenth-Century Studies

    In English

    BJHS

    British Journal for the History of Science

    In English

    BO

    Bibliotheca Orientalis

    In Latin

    BP

    Before Present

    In English

    BSFE

    Bulletin de la Société Française d'Égyptologie

    In French

    BSHAP

    Bulletin de la Société Historique et Archéologique du Périgord

    In French

    BSHAPA

    Bulletin de la Société d’Histoire et d’Archéologie du Pays d’Auray

    In French

    BSOAS

    Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies

    In English

    BSOS

    Bulletin of the School of Oriental Studies

    In English

    BSPF

    Bulletin de la Societé Préhistorique Française

    In French

    BUCEMA

    Bulletin du Centre d’Études Médiévales d’Auxerre

    In French

    BZ

    Byzantinische Zeitschrift

    In German

    CAAS

    Centre for Arabic and African Studies

    In English

    CACI

    Central Asia-Caucasus Institute

    In English

    CAD

    (The) Chicago Assyrian Dictionary

    In English

    CAF

    Congrès Archéologique de France

    In French

    CAH

    Conference on Asian History

    In English

    CAH

    Cambridge Ancient History

    In English

    CAHMER

    Centre d’Archéologie et d’Histoire Médiévales des Établissements Religieux

    In French

    CAHV
    Croatian Association for Heraldry and Vexillology

    = HDZG | Hrvatsko Društvo za Zastave i Grbove | In Croatian

    In English

    CAIS

    Centre for Arab and Islamic Studies

    In English

    CAIS

    Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies

    In English

    CAJ

    Central Asiatic Journal

    In English

    CALES

    Centre for Arabic Language and Eastern Studies

    In English

    CANMES

    Canadian Committee of the Middle East Studies Association

    In English

    CAPAS

    Center for Asia Pacific Area Studies

    In English

    CAPI

    Centre for Asia-Pacific Initiatives

    In English

    CAPS

    Center for Asian and Pacific Studies

    In English

    CAPSTRANS

    Centre for Asia Pacific Social Transformation Studies

    In English

    CAR

    Centr-Afrika Respubliko

    In Esperanto

    CARE

    Corpus Architecturae Religiosae Europae

    In Latin

    CAS

    Center for Asian Studies

    In English

    CAS

    Comité d'Action Socialiste

    In French

    CASA

    Canadian Asian Studies Association

    In English

    CASA

    Centre for Asian Studies Amsterdam

    In English

    CASS

    Center for Asian Security Studies

    In English

    CAUS

    Centre for Arab Unity Studies

    In English

    CBD

    Chinese Biographical Database

    In English

    CBFA

    Chesapeake Bay Flag Association (http://cbfa.vexillology.info)

    In English

    CBRL

    Council for British Research in the Levant (www.cbrl.org.uk)

    In English

    CCAS

    Center for Contemporary Arab Studies

    In English

    CCASLS

    Canadian Council of Area Studies Learned Societies

    In English

    CCAsP

    Caucasus and Central Asia Program

    In English

    CCC

    Contemporary China Centre

    In English

    CCCP
    Съюзът на съветските социалистически републики

    = URSS | Unaniezh ar Republikoù Sokialour Soviedel | In Breton
    = URSS | Union des Républiques Socialistes Soviétiques | In French
    = USSR | Unie van Sosialistiese Sowjetrepublieke | In Afrikaans
    = USSR | Union of Soviet Socialist Republics | In English
    = СССР | Сою́з Сове́тских Социалисти́ческих Респу́блик | In Russian
    = SSSR | Soyuz Sovetskikh Sotsialisticheskikh Respublik | In Russian
    = URSS | Unión de Republicas Sozialistas Sobieticas | In Aragonese
    = XRSS | Xunión de les Repúbliques Socialistes Soviétiques | In Asturian
    = SSRİ | Sovet Sosialist Respublikaları İttifaqı | In Azerbaijani
    = TSRS | Tarybu Socialistiniu Respubliku Sajunga | In Baltic languages
    = SSSR | Savez Sovjetskih Socijalističkih Republika | In Serbo-Croatian
    = URSS | Unió de Repúbliques Socialistes Soviètiques | In Catalan
    = SSSR | Svaz sovětských socialistických republik | In Czech
    = USSR | Unio de Sovetaj Socialismaj Respublikoj | In Esperanto
    = CCCP | Социаллă Совет Республикисен Союзĕ | In Chuvash
    = USSR | Unionen af Socialistiske Sovjetrepublikker | In Danish
    = URSS | Unione delle Repubbliche Socialiste Sovietiche | In Italian
    = ZSRR | Związek Socjalistycznych Republik Radzieckich | In Polish
    = SSKS | Szovjet Szocialista Köztársaságok Szövetsége | In Hungarian
    = UdSSR | Union der Sozialistischen Sowjetrepubliken | In German
    = ΕΣΣΔ | Ένωση Σοβιετικών Σοσιαλιστικών Δημοκρατιών | In Greek
    = URSS | Unión de Repúblicas Socialistas Soviéticas | In Spanish
    = NSVL | Nõukogude Sotsialistlike Vabariikide Liit | In Estonian
    = SESB | Sobietar Errepublika Sozialisten Batasuna | In Basque
    = USSR | Uny fan Sosjalistyske Sowjetrepublyken | In Frisian
    = ԽՍՀՄ | Խորհրդային Սոցիալիստական Հանրապետությունների Միություն | In Armenian
    = URSS | Unión das Repúblicas Socialistas Soviéticas | In Galician
    = სსრკ | საბჭოთა სოციალისტური რესპუბლიკების კავშირი | In Georgian
    = URSS | Unio Rerum Publicarum Socialisticarum Sovieticarum | In Latin
    = CCPC | Советтик Социалисттик Республикалар Союзу | In Kirghiz
    = UdSSR | Unioun vun de Sozialistesche Sowjetrepubliken | In Letzeburgesh
    = PSRS | Padomju Sociālistisko Republiku Savienība | In Latvian
    = СССР | Сојуз на Советските Социјалистички Републики | In Macedonian
    = УРСС | Униуня Републичилор советиче Сочиалисте | In Moldavan
    = KRSS | Kesatuan Republik Sosialis Soviet | In Malay
    = USSR | Unie van Socialistische Sovjetrepublieken | In Dutch
    = SSSR | Sambandet av Sosialistiske Sovjet-Republikkar | In Nynorsk
    = SSSR | Samveldet av sovjetiske sosialistrepublikker | In Norwegian
    = URSS | Unnion d'Républyiques Socialistes Soviétiques | In Norman
    = URSS | União das Repúblicas Socialistas Soviéticas | In Portuguese
    = URSS | Union de las Republicas Socialistas Sovieticas | In Occitan
    = SSRH | Susyalista Suwit Republikakunap Huñun | In Quechuan languages
    = ССРЦ | Советон Социалистон Республикæты Цæдис | In Ossetian
    = URSS | Uniunea Republicilor Sovietice Socialiste | In Romanian
    = URSS | Unioni dî ripùbblichi sucialisti suviètichi | In Sicilian
    = ZSSR | Zveza sovjetskih socialističnih republik | In Slovenian
    = СССР | Савез Совјетских Социјалистичких Република | In Serbian
    = SSCB | Sovyet Sosyalist Cumhuriyetler Birliği | In Turkish
    = СРСР | Союз Радянських Соціалістичних Республік | In Ukrainian
    = SSRB | Sovet Sosialistik Republiklar Berlege | In Tatar
    = SSRI | Sovet Sotsialistik Respublikalar Ittifoqi | In Uzbek

    In Bulgarian

    CCCP
    Социаллă Совет Республикисен Союзĕ

    = URSS, USSR, СССР, SSSR, XRSS, SSRİ, TSRS, ZSRR, SSKS, UdSSR, ΕΣΣΔ, NSVL, SESB, ԽՍՀՄ, სსრკ, CCPC, PSRS, УРСС, KRSS, SSRH, ССРЦ, ZSSR, SSCB, СРСР, SSRB, SSRI (see above)

    In Chuvash

    CCMO

    Cercle des Chercheurs sur le Moyen-Orient

    In French

    CCP

    Centre for the Contemporary Pacific

    In English

    CCPC
    Советтик Социалисттик Республикалар Союзу

    = CCCP, URSS, USSR, СССР, SSSR, XRSS, SSRİ, TSRS, ZSRR, SSKS, UdSSR, ΕΣΣΔ, NSVL, SESB, ԽՍՀՄ, სსრკ, PSRS, УРСС, KRSS, SSRH, ССРЦ, ZSSR, SSCB, СРСР, SSRB, SSRI (see above)

    In Kirghiz

    CCS

    Center for Chinese Studies

    In English

    CCSEAS

    Canadian Council of Southeast Asian Studies

    In English

    CCSL

    Center for Chinese Studies Library

    In English

    CCWH

    Coordinating Council for Women in History

    In English

    CDAP

    Comités d'Action et de Défense Paysanne

    In French

    CdÉ
    Chronique d’Égypte

    = CE | Chronique d’Égypte | In French

    In French

    CDL

    Comité Départemental de la Libération

    In French

    CDLL

    Ceux de la Libération

    In French

    CDLR

    Ceux de la Résistance

    In French

    CE
    Chronique d’Égypte

    = CdÉ, CE (see above)

    In French

    CEA
    Cahiers d’Études Africaines

    Les Cahiers d’Études africaines (CEA) publie des articles de recherche théorique et de terrain sur l’Afrique, les Antilles et l’Amérique noire, c’est-à-dire sur l’Afrique et les sociétés liées à l’Afrique à travers le monde. Quoiqu’interdisciplinaire, la revue privilégie les recherches anthropologiques et historiques.

    In French

    CEAA

    Centre d'Études Africaines, Arabes et Asiatiques

    In French

    CEAA

    Centro de Estudos Afro-Asiáticos

    In Portuguese

    CEAA

    Centro de Estudios de Asia y África

    In Spanish

    CEAD

    Centre d'Études Arabes pour le Développement

    In French

    CEAO

    Centro de Estudios de Asia Oriental

    In Spanish

    CEAR

    Centro de Estudios Árabes

    In Spanish

    CEAS

    Centre for East Asian Studies

    In English

    CEBED

    Centre Belgo-Européen d'Études des Drapeaux

    In French

    CeCaB

    Centre de Castellologie de Bourgogne

    In French

    CEE

    Central Eastern Europe

    In English

    CEFAS

    Centre Français d'Archéologie et de Sciences Sociales de Sanaa (https://cefas.cnrs.fr/)

    In French

    CEFC

    Centre d'Études Français sur la Chine Contemporaine (https://www.cefc.com.hk/)

    In French

    CEHM

    Companion Encyclopaedia of the History of Medicine

    In English

    CEHTA

    Centre d'Histoire et Théorie des Arts

    In French

    CEIAS

    Centre d'Études de l'Inde et de l'Asie du Sud

    In French

    CEMOC

    Centro de Estudios del Medio Oriente Contemporáneo

    In Spanish

    CERAMOC

    Centre d'Études et de Recherche sur le Moyen-Orient Contemporain

    In French

    CERAPAR

    Centre de Recherches Archéologiques du Pays de Rennes

    In French

    CERHIC

    Centre d'Études et de Recherche en Histoire Culturelle

    In French

    CERIC

    Centre de Réanimation et d’Intervention Cardio-vasculaire

    In French

    CESCM

    Centre d'Études Supérieures de Civilisation Médiévale (www.mshs.univ-poitiers.fr/cescm)

    In French

    CESCM

    Centre d’Études Supérieures de Civilisation Médiévale

    In French

    CESR

    Central Eurasian Studies Review

    In English

    Go to page 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6